The museum’s collection of photographic media, equipment, personal belongings and other items currently (as of February 1, 2016) exceeds 207 000 inventory units.
The collection comprises daguerreotypes, negatives, stereoscopic negatives, positives, stereoscopic positives, holograms, post cards, photographic cameras, enlargers, photo albums, medals, letters, personal belongings of renowned photographers dating from 1870s up to the present moment.
Key collections of the museum are as follows:
- daguerreotypes, photographic images on tin, glass and china plates (19th century);
- original positives from the “Artistic Album” (A. Karelin, late 19th century);
- original positives from the “Nizhny Novgorod Trade Fair” series (M. Dmitriyev, late 19th – early 20th century);
- original glass and film negatives (D. Smirnov, regional ethnographer, and his father, N. Smirnov, amateur photographer, late 19th – early 20th century);
- original glass negatives (V. Zeveke, Nizhny Novgorod engineer and researcher, early 20th century);
- transportable wooden folding bellows camera that belonged to M. Dmitriyev (late 19th century);
- foreign and Soviet photographic cameras (late 19th – early 20th century).